The estate of El Carabal is located between the towns of Alía (Cáceres) and Castilblanco (Badajoz) and is accessed through a single road that connects both towns. It is at an average height of approximately 487msnm (1.600 feet above see label), with the highest elevation being 563msnm (1.850 feet above see label) and the lowest being 395msnm (1.300 feet above see label). The dominant soil is Luvisol type and has a mountainous orography of soft reliefs and extensive “Rañas” (a sedimentary formation composed of quartzite ridges with a clay matrix that are formed in a relief of elevated platforms with soft internal slope) that form diverse valleys through which small streams that flow into the Guadalupejo river pass. The climate, typical of the Extremadura area, notably defines the dry and wet seasons, the average annual rainfall is about 750mm.
SURFACE OF CARABAL ESTATE: 2.540ha.
The vegetation of the forest area is composed mainly of dehesas (45%), areas of scrub (40%), pines (5%) and pastures (10%). The wooded mass of the dehesa zones is formed by Quercus species, mainly holms oak and cork oak. The scrub is heather or arbutus tree type, as main species, along with cork oak and other species of scrub such as rockrose, mastic and labiérnago.
Since the year 1993, important reforestation has been carried out. These forestations occupy an area of 300 hectares (740acres) distributed among eight different areas of the estate and the repopulated species have been cork oak (73%), holm oak (21%) and gall oak (6%).
The agricultural activity is based on the cultivation in dry land of cereals and legumes, cultivation in irrigated corn, an olive grove and a vineyard.
The non-forestry extension of the farm, is mainly occupied by water reservoirs, firebreaks (20km), roads (55km), hunting enclosure (75km of mesh) and buildings destined to livestock halls, workshops, warehouses and homes.
The more than 40 points of water distributed throughout the surface, with an estimated capacity of more than 300,000m3 (10,5 million ft3), guarantee the supply for agriculture, livestock and hunting activities.
An extensive network of dirt roads facilitates access to any point of the estate, whether to enjoy the views, for maintenance, surveillance, or for quick and easy access in case of emergencies or fires.